Legal and Social Equality Essay

Chapter 10 is a chapter that attempts to discus the seemingly ambiguous idea of equality. It contains a discussion of how equality is realized in law, public policy, and society in general. Furthermore, the discussion focuses on a three different conceptualizations of equality. They may be equality under the law, equality of opportunity, and equality of material well-being. The primary argument of this chapter is that equality of material well-being has emerged as the dominating point within the formulation of policies.

In to prove his factor , the author discusses every in the conceptualizations and how they are related to every other. The chapter contains a extended discussion of equality under the law. It discusses how the laws of the society need to disregard several categorizations and look at persons as folks. Essentially, this can be the backbone of equality as perceived by several. It's with this conceptualization how the evil of inequality just like racism, sexism, homophobia and others are usually argued with. Furthermore, the author discusses how equality under the law or the lack of it has been demonstrated in U.S history The author recounts the discrimination that numerous groups have received and he identifies the presumably dominant group as being white male, and predominantly Protestant. He argues that it is such group that has used the law in to retain its dominance and maintain other groups subordinated.

The author further argued that equality of opportunity and equality of material well-being are inseparable and dependent on every other. It is because opportunities to rise in the ranks of social mobility are dependent on the resources that one has.

The author paralleled the evolution in the conceptualization of equality to the several stages how the civil rights movement has undergone. In its initial days, the focus with the movement was on eradication of laws that subordinated African-Americans. In other words, this referred to attacks on denials of equality under the law. In the second stage, the civil rights movement focused on fighting for equal access to values and facilities which are supposed to become available on the general public. This constituted their battle for equality of opportunity. Now, the movement is in its third stage, the battle for proportional equality or equality of material well-being.

To demonstrate that the focus shifted to proportional equality , the author recounted the laws that had been deemed being in help from the success of equality such as the fourteenth amendment and also the Civil Rights Act of 1964. These laws had been used to make policies that meant to end inequality on numerous fronts especially education and career. Just like , the fourteenth amendment led towards the end of segregation in public schools. Nonetheless, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 led on the creation of EEOC which pressed for ending discrimination in terms of task opportunities.

Having read the chapter, it is my view that equality, in all of its 3 conceptualizations, is all one and also the exact same. Having 1 techniques having the others... 
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